Documentary account of Persepolise landscape
The ruins of Perspolis is located on the Farvardin Plain, 50 km North-East of Shiraz. The significance of the site as an international world Heritage was distinguished by UNESCO as the first among the five selected historical sites in Iran and registered in 1979. The importance of the site has also been recognized by organizations such as international council on Monuments and sites (ICOMOS), the world Conservation Union (IUCN), and international Organization for Conservation of Cultural Heritage (ICCROM) who have supported its reclamation and restoration during the past decades. Despite the many studies on the art, architecture, archeology and history of Perspolis, there is little archology and history of Perspolis, there is little information on the natural setting and the landscape of this valuable complex. There are still doubts about the existence of a wall and watchtowers around this valuable architectural complex. This is whilst discovering the natural landscape and historical boundaries are of the important factors in managing comprehensive environmental conservation.
To deal with this problem, this article endeavors to present a three dimensional model of the Perspolise landscape of the achamenian period. A remote sensing data analysis, photogeology and field survey are used. Remotely sensed air photos and satellite imagery have been shown to be a valuable tool for the characterization of the architeological landscape and locations of collapsed structure. Interpretation of aerial photos in different scales and processing satellite data TM and +ETM - that are new methods of ancient site analysis- constitute the main method of this study. Using this technique and the difference in texture, size, color, shape and vegetation pattern, and the associations of these criteria with the possible place of the wall and watch tower are identified. The result of this study is indicative of a wall and watchtowers surrounding Persepolis. This could be subsequently confirmed with geophysical surveying and archaeological excavations.The advanced high resolution (both spectral, and spatial), remote sensing data (ASTER,IKONUS,IRS,etc) and hyper spectral surveying can assimilate other types of archeological data to process analyzing, and better understanding of the features, their patterns, textures, size, association, and so on and will help to deal with the issues of site characteristics. The result of this study using different age air-photos and ETM+ images are indicative of the following features:
- The present Perspolis site is small sector of vast area where the capital city (the Parse) and satellite villages has been located.
- Misleading in buffer zonation and consequence deformations have been caused sever damages and destruction of archeological residues that where likely remnants of original structures.
- There are some remnant and residues of guard wall and watchtowers surrounding impressive palaces of Achaemenian Empire, the Perspolis.
In order to precisely define the location of the irrigation system, housing patterns and the social life as reflected in the setting of the various elements of the Parse and aerial extension of Perspolise, further surface and subsurface studies are recommended. It is necessary to use new geophysical and spectral techniques to define the aerial extension, the architectural structure and construction patterns of the ancient civilization on the peripheries of Persepolis platform. Such studies may clarify the many aspects of Achaemenian period, and reclamation or reconstruction of Perspolis during ancient times.
Director: Behnaz Aminzadeh&
Firoozeh Agha Ebrahimi Samani
Edit: Shohreh Sadat Arabshahi